Knowing what kind of writing is expected of them informational? After reading, class discussion, and writing to learn, students will be more able to decide what they want to say and thus have a starting point.
A set of essay instructions can ask students to follow through on these kinds of review and explorations to arrive at a working central idea. Students can be encouraged to begin with a working central idea in order to develop a preliminary draft. Ideas might be roughly sketched out to begin with using the following seed sentences as frames:. Seed sentences can help students get started writing and can then be further refined later in the process of writing.
Working with seed sentences might also be a productive approach to writing to learn. Such considerations will help determine the form and style choices that can be made and are central to the writing task.
The following handouts provide examples of essay assignments that stress various purposes, sense of audience, and structural ideas:. The following links provide helpful structures for such assignments:.
Unlike essay assignments or research projects, an essay exam has a limited purpose and audience: These general study habit hints might be useful as students work with material that will be covered by essay exams:.
Exam questions should be written so that students understand clearly what is expected of them. Is the goal of the exam question:. Explains and compares main points of view on the topic. Using transitional words like "first, second, third?
Using transitional words will help you organize coherently, especially? Instead, you can state your thesis right away and give a brief overview of what the rest of the essay will do. This will immediately show your command over the subject. Always include your answer to the question in the intro. The body of your essay should be developed with the same attention to logical organization, coherence, and adequate development that you provide in any academic paper.
Support your thesis with solid generalizations and specific, relevant details. Before submitting the essay: Reread and correct any illegible sections. Make sure your handwriting can be read. Check for spelling, grammatical mistakes, and accidental omissions. If you find any material that seems irrelevant, cross it out and add other information on another page, keying the addition to the page where it belongs.
For more helpful assistance on getting started, organizing, and completing a draft, visit the Purdue On-Line Writing Lab. Campus Map Contact the Colleges. This assignment discusses the pattern of development of the obesity epidemic and its epidemiology.
It also seeks to analyse how globalisation, trade and debt have fuelled the problem. In addition, the assignment will examine the interventions that are addressing this issue.
This is an example showing how the points mentioned above were incorporated in the conclusion of a student assignment discussing strategic partnership within UNAIDS. It benefits from organisational diversity and varied specialisations among the partners.
However this diversity can also be a hindrance while coordinating activities. Duplication of efforts, lack of harmonisation of procedures, lack of effective evaluations among partners and inter-organisational competition for funding from donors have often adversely affected the collaborative effort. Building a well-coordinated and efficient collaboration between partner organisations of UNAIDS is an iterative and on-going process.
Efforts are being made to develop results-based structures, to pool funding from donors to encourage collaboration and to align efforts of all partners to improve efficiency. Remember to choose either Harvard or Vancouver versions of referencing and to use the same version while citing within the text and in the bibliography.
Reference all citations in their correct format including web-pages and reports. Here are some tips about how to take an evidence based and critical approach to writing your assignment:. Think about what evidence will back up your claim For example - I may search on google scholar to see if there is any published evidence that community health workers are effective at reducing infant mortality rates. I will need to think about my search terms, and how to decide which articles are relevant.
Look at the Are You Ready module for a guide on how to search the internet for academic text. Depending on how the information was collected, and who it was collected by, we might value it in a different way. Each time you find an article you want to include in your assignment, then add it to your list of all references.
Make sure you use the same format - you need to decide whether to use the Vancouver or Harvard format. For more on our academic study and writing skills resources library and courses, click here requires login.
Skip to main content. Tips on writing assignments. Tips on writing assignments: The tips are organised into 3 sections, which you need to consider when writing a masters level assignment: This assignment asks students to critique a performance or exhibit they have attended.
You may wish to have students do some research before the event, and you should encourage them to think in advance about a list of questions supplying a list also helps that they will want their review to answer and to take notes immediately after the performance or as they tour.
Asking students to take a stand on a particular issue and support their position encourages engagement with the course material while developing abilities to think critically and communicate persuasively. Requiring students to explain in writing how they performed a calculation or reached a solution will reinforce the mental processes used in coming up with an answer.
Although this assignment could work well in various disciplines, it is an especially useful means of incorporating writing in math, computer science, and technical disciplines. Providing a specific audience and context for student essays can make an assignment more meaningful and realistic. Most often used in a course that involves experiential learning, this assignment asks students to write a substantive analysis of their work, experiences, and learning over a period of time, and then relate this analysis to the course or program.
Breaking up this assignment into smaller tasks topic proposal, thesis statement, annotated bibliography, and progress report due over staggered periods of time should improve the quality of final papers. Such an approach not only teaches students how to manage large research projects but also supplies a continuous thread of applying and integrating course material. Purpose To assess ability to integrate course concepts with outside material, synthesize and analyze course material.
A more refined piece of writing than the journal assignment, a response paper asks students to explore ideas sparked by a particular reading. You may direct them to respond to a specific detail or aspect, or ask them to respond to something which strikes their fancy. While students should supply support for their reflections, this assignment does not require a well-developed argument.
Purpose To test that the material has been read, assess comprehension of material read, and generate material for class discussions; to obtain a sense of what ideas, theories, and relationships need clarification. This assignment asks students to survey and summarize the work that has been done on a topic. By examining the literature about a particular subject and the directions that literature spans, students gain a deeper understanding of a subject and the work that remains to be done.
Asking students to write, in class or as homework, brief summaries of assigned reading will foster increased preparation for class and, in turn, class discussion. It will also help students hone their skills at selecting key information and provide a useful resource for exam review or notes for formal essays and research projects.
As a variation, you may wish to ask students to sum up a class lecture. Purpose To test that the material has been read and assess comprehension of material read.
Having students write an informal, one-,two-, or three-minute response at the end of a class discussion or lecture helps define ideas that need clarification or merit further discussion.
Purpose To generate material for class discussions; obtain sense of what ideas, theories, and relationships need clarification. For example, students might take a piece written by an environmental scientist and reproduce its points for legislators or urban planners. Like a listserv, Web Chat provides an electronic discussion forum. Yet unlike a listserv, all contributions appear grouped together in a single location. You can set up a Web Chat divided into weeks, course units, or other divisions suitable to your needs.
While writing in this environment tends to be informal, this tool nonetheless does compel students to think about a topic. This forum is particularly valuable for determining concepts that need clarification and issues that deserve more in-class discussion.
It also allows a discussion begun in class or a peripheral discussion to go on outside of class time. Purpose To generate material for class discussion; to obtain a sense of what ideas, theories, and relationships need clarification.
Asking students to describe and evaluate a website for its content, credibility, targeted audience and the like could serve several purposes.
While many students are turning to the Internet for research, their treatment of these sources often lacks discernment. This assignment compels students to take a critical approach to electronic resources. Like the critical annotated bibliography assignment, a website review could serve as a preliminary state of a larger research project. This assignment asks students to identify and synthesize the main threads of a particular debate while reserving judgment.
It is often useful for students to detail the parameters of a discussion and to assess what is at stake from various perspectives before they enter the fray. Skip to main content. Writing Assignments Across the Curriculum Below are descriptions of 35 types of writing assignments teachers may use. Each assignment includes its purpose and appropriate discipline s. Discipline All Annotated Bibliography You may wish to supply a list of works, or you may prefer to have students select their own.
Discipline All, especially Humanities, Social Sciences, Business, and Education Annotation Asking students to supply brief commentary for key terms, concepts, or names that appear in non-textbook readings will allow students to make course vocabulary their own. Discipline All Book Report This assignment requires students simply to summarize a work in order to illustrate that they did do the reading.
Purpose To test that the material has been read. Discipline All Case Study Applying course concepts through case studies affords students the opportunity to test their understanding of what they are learning, to experience firsthand the methods of a particular discipline, and to see the uses and values of these methods.
Assignments vary, and different instructors want different things from student writers. Therefore, the advice here may or may not apply to your writing situation. Finally, handouts can give only a fraction of the customized guidance that an individual conference with a Writing Center instructor can provide.
Tips on writing assignments: Listed below are a few tips to writing your assignments. You may already be familiar with most of these points but it will be good to remind yourself of these points before you write up your assignment for credit. You can follow the steps below, and before you hand in your assignment, complete the checklist.
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Research & writing for assignments. University assignments are a big challenge, but we can guide you. Get help with all aspects of your assignment, from research to writing. Find out how to paraphrase - an essential part of writing university assignments. Writing for university Learn how to present complex arguments and how to divide up your work into paragraphs.